What does this mean?

The hormone insulin controls the amount of sugar within the blood, this is produced in the pancreas. Food is digested and enters the bloodstream causing insulin to move glucose out of the blood and into the body's cells where it is then broken produce into energy for the body.

Diabetes makes your body unable to break down the glucose into energy that your body needs due to the lack of insulin to move the glucose or that the insulin in the body does not work correctly.

Speak to your local Wilsons pharmacist who can provide you with both information and lifestyle advice to help you manage your condition. If you have any questions regarding your diabetic medication or you have recently been prescribed medication for diabetes you may be eligible for either our MUR or NMS services. See our services page for more information.

Go to NHS Choices

There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2.

Type 1 explained:
This type of diabetes is know as insulin-dependent diabetes. Sometimes it can also be referred to as early-onset diabetes or juvenile diabetes this is due to it developing in people before 40 years of age and commonly in the teenage years. This type of diabetes sees the body's immune system attack the cells that produce a hormone called insulin. If no insulin is being produced this increases your glucose levels which can result in serious damage to the body's organs.

Type 1 diabetes affects around 10% of all adults with diabetes although it is not as common as type two diabetes. If you become diagnosed with type 1 then you will need to have insulin injections for the rest of your life. Paying close attention to specific aspects of your lifestyle and health will help to keep your blood glucose levels balanced. It is advised to eat healthily, regularly exercise and have regular blood tests.

Type 2 explained:
This type of diabetes causes the body to not produce enough of the insulin hormone, or that the body's cells do not react to insulin (insulin resistance). Controlling your symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be possible by altering your lifestyle. Eating a healthy diet, closely monitoring your blood glucose levels and again regularly exercising will help. Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition meaning that you may eventually need medication to help control your symptoms. Type 2 is often linked to obesity and this is referred to as maturity-onset diabetes because it is more common in older people. People can go years without realizing that they are suffering from type 2 diabetes however type 1 symptoms can develop very quickly over a period of weeks or even days.

Symptoms include:
- feeling very tired
- urinating more frequently
- feeling thirsty
- loss of muscle or weight
- frequent episodes of thrush/ itching around genital areas
- blurred vision
- cuts or wounds healing very slowly

Facts and figures

Type 1 diabetes affects around 10% of all adults with diabetes although it is not as common as type two diabetes.
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